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Preferred Term:

sperm capacitation

The structural and functional changes by which spermatozoa become capable of oocyte fertilization. It normally requires exposing the sperm to the female genital tract for a period of time to bring about increased sperm motility and the acrosome reaction before fertilization in the fallopian tubes can take place.
Concept Schemes:
Broader Concept:
Entry Terms:
  • sperm hyperactivation
  • capacitation of spermatozoa
  • sperm activation
  • cryocapacitation
  • capacitation of sperm
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RDF/XMLCreated 2006-01-19, last modified 2017-03-22