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That portion of the atmosphere from the Earth's surface to the stratosphere; that is, the lowest 10 to 20 kilometers of the atmosphere. The troposphere is characterized by decreasing temperature with height, appreciable vertical wind motion, appreciable water vapor content, and weather. Dynamically, the troposphere can be divided into the following layers: surface boundary layer, Ekman layer, and free atmosphere.
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  • planetary boundary layer
  • atmospheric boundary layer
  • Ekman layer
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RDF/XMLCreated 2014-03-20, last modified 2016-06-22