Wildland Planning Glossary

Bibliography

List of sources cited and used in the creation of the Wildland Planning Glossary. The definitions given come from many sources, including public laws or Government manuals. We have made no attempt, however, to establish legally binding definitions or official doctrine. Some officially stated definitions are not in agreement with common usage, but they are included because planners often need to be aware of them. Each definition is followed by an abbreviated source citation in parentheses; complete citations are listed on this page. Definitions followed only by initials are those originated for this glossary by one of the authors or by a reviewer.

How to Cite this Source: Schwarz, Charles F.; Thor, Edward C.; Elsner, Gary H. 1976. Wildland planning glossary. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-13. Berkeley, Calif.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Exp. Stn. 252 p.


Abrams, Charles 1971. The language of cities. A glossary of terms. Avon Books, New York. 365 p.

Ackerman, Edward A. 1963. Comments on regional planning as a field of study. Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 29(3):175-179.

Adams, Theodore E. Wildlands Specialist, University of California Cooperative Agricultural Extension Service, Davis.

Alldredge, Randel 1972. Some capacity theory for parks and recreation areas. Unpublished report on file, U.S. National Park Service, Washington, D.C. 23 p.

Allee, W.C., A.E. Emerson, O. Park, T. Park, and K.P. Schmidt. 1949. Principles of animal ecology. W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia and London. 837 p.

Allen, Durward 1954. Our wildlife legacy. Funk and Wagnalls Co., New York. 422 p.

Allen, Shirley W. and Grant W. Sharpe. 1960. An introduction to American forestry. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 466 p.

American Geological Institute 1960. Glossary of geology and related sciences, 2nd ed. Washington, D.C. 325 p.

American Geological Institute 1962. Dictionary of geological terms. Dolphin Books, Doubleday and Co., Garden City, New York. 545 p.

American Public Health Association, American Society of Civil Engineers, American Water Works Association and the Water Pollution Control Federation. 1969. Glossary, water and wastewater control engineering. Amer. Public Health Assoc., New York. 387 p.

American Society of Civil Engineers 1954. Definitions of surveying, mapping and related terms. Manual of Engineering Practice Publication 34, New York. 201 p.

American Society of Range Management [Society for Range Management]. 1964. A Glossary of terms used in range management. Range Term Glossary Committee, Portland, Oregon. 32 p.

Amidon, Elliot 1972. Geographical data handling. Partial glossary of terms. In Geographical data handling, R.F. Tomlinson, ed. Vol. 2. n.p. [22 p]. International Geographical Union Commission on Geographical Data Sensing and Processing, Ottawa.

Anderson, James R., Ernest E. Hardy, and John T. Roach. 1972. A land-use classification system for use with remote-sensor data. U.S. Geological survey circular 671. Washington, D.C. 16 p.

Anderson, William D., Gregory C. Gustaf son, and Robert F. Boxley 1975. Perspectives on agricultural land policy. Journal of Soil and Water Con-servation, 30(l):36-43.

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A.W.M. See Magill. Bailey, Robert G. 1974. Land-capability classification of the Lake Tahoe Basin, California-Nevada. A guide to planning. U.S. Forest Service, South Lake Tahoe, California. 32 p.

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Bor, N.L. 1947. A glossary of terms used in plant ecology. Indian Forest Records 6(3):93-115.

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Branch, Melville C. 1961. Comprehensive planning as a field of study. In Planning and the urban community, p. 198-225. Harvey S. Perloff, ed. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Branch, Melville C. 1967. Planning: aspects and applications. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 333 p.

Braun-Blanquet, J. and J. Pavillard 1930. Vocabulary of plant sociology. F.R. Bharucha, Cambridge Univ., Botany School, Cambridge, England. 23 p. (translated by F.R. Bharucha).

Buckman, Harry O. and Nyle C. Brady 1969. Glossary of soil science terms. In The nature and properties of soils. 7th ed. p. 597-630. Macmillan Publishing Co., New York.

Buckman, Robert E. and Richard L. Quintus 1972. Natural areas of the Society of American Foresters. Soc. Amer. For., Washington, D.C. 38 p.

Bunter, Walter A. Resource Conservation Planner, U.S. Soil Conservation Service, Davis, California.

Burton, Ian and Robert W. Kates 1964. The perception of natural hazards in resource management. Natural Resources Journal 3(3):412-441.

Cain, S.A. 1960. Definition of selected ecological terms. University of Michigan, Conservation Department, Ann Arbor. 35 p. (Unpublished; Prepared for Conserva tion 118, Ecological foundations of resource use.)

California Council on Intergovernmental Relations 1973. General plan guidelines. State of California, Governor's Office, Sacramento. Variously paged.

California State Department of Fish and Game 1974. At the crossroads 1974; a report on California's endangered and rare fish and wildlife. State of California, The Resources Agency, Sacramento. 99 p.

California, University of, Wildland Re search Center 1959. Conserving wildland resources through research. Introductory report. University of California, Agricultural Experiment Station, Wildland Research Center, Berkeley. 65 p.

California, University of, Wildland Research Center 1962. Wilderness and recreation–a report on resources, values and problems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 352 p. (Report to the U.S. Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission)

Camp, Harry W. 1974. Land-use planning: what it is and what it is not. In Foresters in land-use planning, proceedings, national convention, Society of American Foresters, Portland, Oregon, 1973. p. 22-27. Soc. Amer. For., Washington, D.C.

Canada National Research Council 1963. Glossary of forest fire control terms. NRC 7312. Canada National Research Council, Subcommittee on Glossary of Fire Control Terms, Ottawa. 22 p.

Carder, D. Ross and Clarkson H. Oglesby 1973. Unified planning and decision making, a conceptual framework for forest service management. Stanford University, Stanford Program in Engineering-Economic Planning, Palo Alto, California. 252 p.

Carpenter, J. Richard 1938. An ecological glossary. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman. 305 p.

Carter, Luther J. 1973. Land use law (I): Congress on verge of a modest beginning. Science 182(4113):691-697.

C.F.S. See Schwarz.

Chandor, Anthony 1970. A dictionary of computers. Penguin Books, Baltimore, Maryland, 407 p.

Cicchetti, Charles and Anthony Fisher 1973. Economic values on environmental resources, some comments on the Supreme Court decision in the Mineral King Case. [draft] Resources for the Future, Washington D.C. 15 p. (manuscript in preparation)

Ciriacy-Wantrup, S.V. 1968. Resource conservation. Economics and policies. 3rd ed. University of California, Division of Agricultural Sciences, Berkeley. 395 p.

Conservation Foundation 1972. National parks at the crossroads: drawing the line where protection ends and overuse begins. Conservation Foundation Letter p. 1-12. (September)

Convery, Frank J. 1973. Unit planning and local economic impacts of alternative forest management practices. Technical Paper 1. Duke University, School of Forestry, Durham, North Carolina. 27 p.

Coomber, Nicholas H. and Asit K. Biswas 1973. Evaluation of environmental intangibles. Genera Press, Bronxville, New York. 77 p.

Coombs, H.C. 1972. Matching ecological and economic realities. The Economic Record 48(121):1-17.

Corliss, John F. 1974. Ecoclass: a method for classifying ecosystems. In Foresters in land-use planning, proceedings, national convention, Society of American Foresters, Portland, Oregon, 1973. p.264-271. Soc. Amer. For., Washington, D.C.

Council for Agricultural Science and Technology 1973. Surface mining reclamation. Counc. Agric. Sci. Technol., Task Force on Surface Mining Reclamation, Ames, Iowa. 8 p. (mimeo)

Dansereau, Pierre 1957. Biogeography–an ecological perspective. The Ronald Press Co., New York. 394 p.

Dasman, William P. 1945. A method for estimating carrying capacity of range lands. Journal of Forestry 43(6):400-402.

Daubenmire, Rexford 1968. Plant communities: a textbook of plant synecology. Harper and Row Publishers: New York, Evanston, and London. 300 p.

D.E.H. and B.W. See Hutchinson.

Dice, Lee R. 1952. Natural communities. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor. 547 p.

Drucker, Peter F. 1959. Long range planning. Management Science 5(3):238-249.

Drury, William H. 1974. Rare species. Biological Conservation 6(3):162-169.

Durrenberger, Robert W. 1973. Dictionary of the environmental sciences. National Press Books, Palo Alto. 282 p.

Dyrland, Richard D. 1973. Resource capability system . . . a users guide part VI. Basic economic concepts and procedures. U.S. Forest Service, Region 5, Division of Soils and Watershed Management, San Francisco. Variously paged.

E.C.T. See Thor.

Eisner, Simon 1969. Reference materials on planning philosophies, techniques and procedures. Simon Eisner and Associates, South Pasadena, California. 464 p. (Prepared for U.S. Bureau of Land Management, California State Office, Sacramento.)

E.M.G. See Gaines.

Errington, P.L. 1945. Some contributions of a 15-year study of the northern bobwhite to a knowledge of population phenomena. Ecological Monographs 15:1-34.

Estes, James A. and John F. Palmisano 1974. Sea Otters: their role in structuring nearshore communities. Science 185(4156):1058-1060.

Fabos, Julius G., Richard Careaga, Christopher Greene, and Stephanie Williston 1973. Model for landscape resource assessment. Part 1 of the Metropolitan Landscape Planning Model (MET-LAND). Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station, Amherst. 141 p.

Feth, J.H. 1973. Water facts and figures for planners and managers. Circular 601-I. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. 30 p.

Ford-Robertson, F.C. (ed.) 1971. Terminology of forest science, technology, practice and products. Society of American Foresters, Washington, D.C. 349 p.

Freund, John E. and Frank J. Williams 1966. Dictionary/outline of basic statistics. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York. 195 p.

Friedman, John 1963. Regional planning as a field of study. Journal of the American Institute of Planners 29(3):168-175.

Gaines, Edward M. Formerly Assistant Director, Research Planning and Application, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley.

Gale, Richard P. 1975. Social impact assessment: from ground zero to question mark in thirty minutes. Paper presented at environmental analysis workshop, U.S. Forest Service, Region 6, Eugene, Oregon, 1975. 13 p.

Gans, Herbert J. 1968. People and plans. Essays on urban problems and solutions. Basic Books, New York and London. 395 p.

Geckler, Jack R., Kenneth M. Mackenthun, and William Marcus Ingram 1963. Glossary of commonly used biological and related terms in water and waste water control. U.S. Public Health Service, Cincinnati, Ohio. 22 p.

Goodman, David A. 1974. A goal programming approach to aggregate planning of production and work force. Management Science. 20(12):1569-1575.

G.P. See Payot.

Graham, Hatch Land Use Planner, U.S. Forest Service, Alaska Region (R-10), Anchorage, Alaska.

Gray, Peter 1967. The dictionary of the biological sciences. Reinhold Publishing Corp., New York, Amsterdam and London. 602 p.

Grim, Elmore C. and Ronald D. Hill 1974. Environmental protection in surface mining of coal. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio. 277 p.

Habeck, James R. and Ernst Hartley 1968. A glossary of alpine terminology. University of Montana, Dep. of Botany, Missoula. 35 p.

Hall, Edward T. 1966. The hidden dimension. Double-day and Co., Garden City, New York. 201 p.

Hansen, James H. State Resource Conservationist, U.S. Soil Conservation Service, Davis; California.

Hanson, Herbert C. 1962. Dictionary of ecology. Philosophical Library, New York. 382 p.

Hanson, Herbert C. and Ethan D. Churchill 1961. The plant community. Reinhold Publishing Corp., New York. 218 p.

Heady, Harold F. Professor, Dep. of Forestry and Conservation, University of California, Berkeley.

Heidiger, H. 1961. The evolution of territorial behavior. In Social life of early man, p. 34-57. Sherwood L. Washburn, ed. Aldine Publishing Co., Chicago.

Henderson, I.F., W.D. Henderson and J.H. Kenneth 1963. Dictionary of biological terms. 8th ed. Van Nostrand Co., Princeton, New Jersey. 640 p.

Heyman, Ira M. and Robert H. Twiss 1971. Environmental management of the public lands. Ecology Law Quarterly 1(1):94-141.

H.F.H. See Heady.

H.G. See Graham.

Highway Research Board 1965. Highway capacity manual. Special report 87. National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Highway Research Board, Washington, D.C. 418 p.

Hill, Morris 1968. A goals-achievement matrix for evaluating alternative plans. Journal of the American Institute of Planners 34(1):19-29.

Hills, G. Angus, David V. Love, and Douglas S. Lacate 1970. Developing a better environment. Ecological land-use planning in Ontario–a study of methodology in the development of regional plans. Ontario Economic Council, Toronto. 175 p.

H.J.V. See Vaux.

Holland, W.D. 1971. Soil-habitat information for forest land. In proceedings of symposium on forest and land inventory for management, Edmonton, Alberta, 1970, p. 12-24. C.L. Kirby and C.F. Nolasco, eds. Canada Forestry Service, Forest Research Laboratory, Edmonton.

Howard, John T. 1961. City planning as a social movement, a governmental function, and a technical profession. In Planning and the urban community, p. 149-178. Harvey S. Perloff, ed. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Huschke, Ralph E. (ed). 1959. Glossary of meteorology. American Meteorological Society, Boston. 638 p.

Hutchinson, D.E. and Bruce Watson Chairpersons respectively of Natural Vegetation Subcommittee and Land Use Planning Division of Soil Conservation Society of America, Ankeny, Iowa.

Irland, Lloyd C. 1974. Is timber scarce? The economics of a renewable resource. Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, Connecticut. 97 v.

Jackson, Nora and Philip Penn 1969. A dictionary of natural resources and their principal uses. 2nd ed. Pergamon Press, Oxford and New York. 151 p.

J.H.H. See Hansen.

Jumikis, Alfred K. 1962. Soil mechanics. Van Nostrand Co., Princeton, New Jersey.

J.Z. See Zylinski.

Kahn, Herman and Anthony J. Wiener 1967. The year 2000. Macmillan Publishing Co., New York. 431 p.

Kendeigh, S. Charles 1961. Animal ecology. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. 468 p.

Krebs, Charles L. 1972. Ecology. The experimental analysis of distribution and abundance. Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 694 p.

Krutilla, John V., Charles J. Cicchetti, A. Myric Freeman III, and Clifford S. Russell 1972. Observations on the economics of irreplaceable assets. In Environmental quality analysis; theory and method in the social sciences, p. 69-112. Kneese and Bower, eds. The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore and London.

Langbein, Walter B, and K.T. Iseri 1960. Manual of hydrology, part 1. General surface water techniques. General introduction and hydrologic definitions. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 1541-A. U.S. Geol. Surv. Washington, D.C. 29 p.

La Page, Wilbur F. 1963. Some sociological aspects of forest recreation. Journal of Forestry 61(1):32-36.

Lapedes, Daniel N. (ed.) 1974. McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of environmental science. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York. 754 p.

Lawrence, George H.M. 1955. An introduction to plant taxonomy. Macmillan Publishing Co., New York. 179 p.

Leopold, Aldo 1921. The wilderness and its place in forest recreational policy. Journal of Forestry 19(7):718-721.

Leopold, Aldo 1933. Game management. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. 431 p.

Lime, D.W. and G.H. Stankey 1971. Carrying capacity: maintaining outdoor recreation quality. In Forest recreation symposium, Syracuse, New York, 1971. p. 174-184. U.S. Forest Service, Northeast Forest Experiment Station, Upper Darby, Pennsylvania.

Lindblom, Charles E. 1959. The science of "muddling through." Public Administration Review 19(2):79-88.

Little, Elbert L. Jr. 1975. Rare and local conifers in the United States. Conservation research report 19. U.S. Forest Service, Washington, D.C. 25 p.

Litton, R. Burton Jr. 1966. Landscape terminology. In Summary report on cooperative agreement supplement no. 61, Forest Service master contract no. A5FS-16565. Unpublished report on file, U.S. For. Serv., Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. Variously paged.

Litton, R. Burton Jr. 1968. Forest landscape description and inventories. A basis for land planning and design. Research Paper PSW- 49. U.S. Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 64 p.

Litton, R. Burton Jr. 1974. Visual vulnerability of forest landscapes. Journal of Forestry 72(7):392-397.

Lucas, Robert C. and George H. Stankey 1974. Social carrying capacity for backcountry recreation. In Outdoor recreation research: applying the results, Proceedings, workshop, Marquette, Michigan, 1973. p. 14-23. U.S. Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, Minnesota

L.W. See Watkins.

Lynch, Kevin 1962. Site planning. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 248 p.

Mabbutt, J.A. 1968. Review of concepts of land classification. In Land evaluation, Papers of a Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization symposium, Canberra, 1968, p. 11-28.,G.A. Stewart, ed. Macmillan of Australia, South Melbourne.

Mac Crimmon, K.R. 1968. Decisionmaking among multiple-attribute alternatives: a survey and consolidated approach. Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, California. 63 p.

Magill, Arthur W. Resource Analyst, Recreation and Landscape Research Project, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley.

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Martin, Edward J. and Leon W. Weinberger 1966. Eutrophication and water pollution. In Proceedings ninth conference on Great Lakes research, Chicago, 1966. p. 451-469. Publication 15. Univ. of Michigan, Great Lakes Research Division, Ann Arbor.

Masse, Pierre 1961. French economic planning. French Affairs 127. Ambassade de France, Service de Presse et d' Information, New York, 20 p.

Mc Closkey, Michael C. 1971. Planning and regional planning–what are they? An annotated bibliography of definitions. Exchange Bibliography 174. Council of Planning Librarians, Monticello, Illinois. 62 p.

Mc Gauhey, P.H. 1968. Engineering management of water quality. Mc Graw-Hill Book Co., New York. 295 p.

Mc Kee, Jack H. and Harold W. Wolf 1963. Water quality criteria. 2nd ed. California State Water Quality Control Board, Sacramento. 548 p.

Mack, Ruth and Sumner Myers 1965. Outdoor recreation, merit-weighted user-days. In Measuring benefits of government investments. p. 89-101. R. Dorfman, ed. Brookings Institute, Washington, D.C.

Mc Lerran, James H. 1957. Glossary of pedologic and landform terminology for soil engineers. Special report 25. National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Highway Research Board, Washington, D.C. 34 p.

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Moore, W.G. 1974. A dictionary of geography. Definitions and explanations of terms used in physical geography. 5th ed. Penguin Books, Baltimore, Maryland. 246 p.

National Academy of Sciences 1969. Eutrophication: causes, consequences, correctives. Proceedings of a symposium, Madison, Wisconsin, 1967. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. 661 p.

Nelson, Devon 1975. Land systems, some basic concepts. U.S. Forest Service, Region 9, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 16 p.

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Payot, Georges Department of Forestry and Conservation, University of California, Berkeley.

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P.M.R. See Rees. Poirier, Victor and Joseph Vitt 1974. The alternative futures program: a program for developing a citywide strategy for Kansas City. Paper presented at American Institute of Planners (AIP) convention, Denver, 1974. 19 p. (Poirier and Vitt, City Development Dep., Kansas City, Missouri)

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Rees, P. Max Director, Regional Planning and Budget, U.S. Forest Service, Intermountain Region, Ogden, Utah.

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Russell, V.S. 1974. Pollution: concept and definition. Biological Conservation 6(3):157-161.

Sampson, Arthur W. and Beryl S. Jespersen 1963. California range brushlands and browse plants. Manual 33. University of California, Division of Agricultural Sciences, Berkeley. 162 p.

Samuelson, Paul A. 1971. The simple mathematics of income determination. In Readings in macroeconomics. 2nd ed. M.G. Mueller, ed. p. 24-36. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York. (paper first published 1948).

Sandpoint Zone Planning Team 1974. Land use planning. U.S. Forest Service, Idaho Panhandle National Forests, Sandpoint, Idaho. 206 p.

Satterlund, Donald R. 1972. Wildland watershed management. The Ronald Press Co., New York. 370 p.

Savigear, R.A.G. 1965. A technique of morphological mapping. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 55(3):514-538.

Schwarz, Charles F. PSW Forest and Range Experiment Station.

Sesco, Jerry A., Ronald D. Lindmark and David C. Baumgartner 1973. An environmental glossary and directory of selected agencies and organizations with environmental interests. U.S. Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, Minnesota. 113 p.

Shaw, Samuel P. and C. Gordon Fredine 1956. Wetlands of the United States. Their extent and their value to waterfowl and other wildlife. Circular 39. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C. 67 p.

Sims, John H. and Duane D. Baumann 1974. Human behavior and the environment: interactions between man and his physical world. Maaroufa Press, Chicago. 354 p.

Sloan, Harold S. and Arnold J. Zurcher 1961. A dictionary of economics. 4th ed. Barnes and Noble, New York. 371 p.

Smith, David Martyn 1962. The practice of silviculture. 7th ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 578 p.

Smithsonian Institution 1975. Report on endangered and threatened plant species of the United States. House document 94-51. U.S. Congress, 94th, 1st session, House Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 200 p.

Snyder, F.B. 1972. Glossary for forest tree improvement workers. U.S. Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, New Orleans, Louisiana. 22 p.

Society of American Foresters 1954. Forest cover types of North America (exclusive of Mexico). Washington, D.C. 67 p.

Society of American Foresters 1958. Forest terminology. Washington, D.C. 97 p.

Society of American Foresters 1962. Forest cover types of North America (exclusive of Mexico). Washington, D.C. 67 p.

Soil Conservation Society of America 1970. Resource conservation glossary. Journal Soil and Water Conservation 25 (1, supplement): 1-52.

Soil Science Society of America 1965. Glossary of soil science terms. Soil Science Society of America Proceedings 29(3):330-35 1.

Sokal, Robert R. 1974. Classification. Purposes, principles, progress, prospects. Science 185(4157):1115-1123.

Sommer, Robert 1969. Personal space. The behavioral basis of design. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. 177 p.

Southward, A.J. 1965. Life on the seashore. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 153 p.

Stamp, L. Dudley (ed.) 1961. A glossary of geographical terms. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 539 p.

Stewart, G.A. (ed.) 1968. Foreword. In Land evaluation. Papers of a Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization symposium, Canberra, 1968, G.A. Stewart (ed.). p. ix. Macmillan of Australia, South Melbourne.

Stone, R.O. and J. Dugundji 1965. A study of microrelief–its mapping, classification, and quantification by means of a Fourier analysis. Engineering Geology 1(2):91-187.

Storie, R. Earl 1964. Handbook of soil evaluation. University of California, Associated Students Store, Berkeley. 225 p.

Sudia, Theodore W. and James M. Simpson 1973. Recreational carrying capacity of the National Parks. Guideline 3 (3):25-34.

T.E.A. See Adams.

Thomas, William A. ed. 1972. Indicators of environmental quality. Proceedings of an American Association for the Advancement of Science symposium, Philadelphia, 1971. Plenum Publ. Corp., New York. 275 p.

Thor, Edward C. PSW Forest and Range Experiment Station.

Thornbury, William D. 1965. Regional geomorphology of the United States. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 609 p.

Thornbury, William D. 1969. Principles of geomorphology. 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 594 p.

Thrush, Paul W. (Comp.) 1968. A dictionary of mining, mineral, and related terms. U.S. Bureau of Mines special publication. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 1269 p.

Tombaugh, Larry W. 1971. External benefits of natural environments. In Forest recreation symposium, Syracuse, New York, 1971. p. 73-77. U.S. Forest Service, Northeast Forest Experiment Station, Upper Darby, Pennsylvania.

U.S. Bureau of Outdoor Recreation 1974. Land protection techniques: selected terms and definitions [draft]. U.S. Bur. Outdoor Recreation, Washington, D.C. 37 p. (manuscript in preparation)

U.S. Bureau of the Census 1971. U.S. census of population: 1970. Number of inhabitants. Final report PS(1)-Al . United States summary. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 249 p.

U.S. Civil Service Commission 1973. Position-classification standard for community planning, series GS-020. U.S. Civil Serv. Comm, Bur. of Policies and Standards, Washington, D.C. 19 p.

U.S. Congress, House of Representatives, Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs 1975. House Resolution 4342. Land Use and Resource Conservation Act of 1975. 94th Congress, 1st session. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 38 p.

U.S. Congress, Senate, Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs 1973. Report on Senate Bill 268, Land Use Policy and Planning Assistance Act, together with minority and additional views. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 167 p.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of Management and Finance 1974. A planning, budgeting and management information system for U.S.D.A. Washington, D.C. 26 p.

U.S. Department of Agriculture 1957. Glossary. In Soil. The yearbook of agriculture. p. 751-770. U.S. Dep. Agric., Washington, D.C.

U.S. Department of Agriculture 1967. National inventory of soil and water conservation needs, 1967. Statistical Bulletin 461. Washington, D.C. 211 p.

U.S. Department of Agriculture 1974. USDA procedures for planning water and related land resources. Washington, D.C. variously paged.

U.S. Department of Defense 1968. Military standard glossary of environmental terms (terrestrial). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 149 p.

U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Mapping Agency, Topographic Center 1973. Glossary of mapping, charting, and geodetic terms. 3rd ed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 281 p.

U.S. Department of the Interior 1966. Water resources thesaurus. U.S. Office of Water Resources Research, Washington, D.C. 237 p.

U.S. Federal Water Pollution Control Ad ministration 1968. Water quality criteria. Report of the National Technical Advisory Committee to the Secretary of the Interior. Washington, D.C. 234 p.

U.S. Forest Service 1956. Glossary of terms used in forest fire control. Agriculture Handbook 104. U.S. Dep. Agric., Washington, D.C. 24 p.

U.S. Forest Service 1958. FSH 2800, Minerals management handbook. Washington, D.C. 193 p.

U.S. Forest Service 1963. FSH 2559.2, Handbook on soils. Washington, D.C. 372 p.

U.S. Forest Service 1965. FSH 2559.1, Soil survey procedures handbook. Washington, D.C. variously paged.

U.S. Forest Service 1971. FSH 2309.13, Recreation planning handbook. Washington, D.C. variously paged.

U.S. Forest Service 1972A. FSH 4809.11, Forest survey handbook. Washington, D.C. Variously paged.

U.S. Forest Service 1972B. Planning and programming glossary. unpublished manuscript. Planning Glossary Task Force, Washington, D.C. 76 p.

U.S. Forest Service 1972C. The outlook for timber in the United States. A preliminary summary of the 1970 timber review. Washington, D.C. 18 p.

U.S. Forest Service 1973. National Forest landscape management, vol. 1. Agriculture Handbook 434. U.S. Dep. Agric. Washington, D.C. 76 p.

U.S. Forest Service 1974. The principal laws relating to Forest Service activities. Washington D.C. 265 p.

U.S. Forest Service 1974A. Environmental program for the future: a long term forestry plan. Washington, D.C. Variously paged.

U.S. Forest Service 1974B. The visual management system. Chapter 1. In National Forest landscape management, vol. 2. p. 1-47. Agriculture Handbook 462. U.S. Dep. Agric., Washington, D.C. 47 p.

U.S. Forest Service –1975. Forest Service manual. (2200-2299 Range management, 2300-2399 Recreation management, 2400-2499 Timber management, 2500-2599 Wa life management, 2700-2799 Land uses management, 2800-2899 Minerals management, 4000-4999 Research, 7100-7199 Engineering operations, 7700-7799 Transportation system, 8200-8299 Land use planning, 8300-8399 Program, economic and environmental analysis.) Washington, D.C. This publication is in loose-leaf form, with pages dated and identified by section number as shown here. It is frequently amended, and superseded pages are removed. The current Manual is available for reference at most Forest Service offices.

U.S. Forest Service, Colville National Forest 1974. Multiple use plan, Canadian Face Planning Unit. Final environmental statement. Colville, Washington. Variously paged.

U.S. Forest Service, Lolo National Forest 1974A. Multiple use plan, Cube Iron-Silcox Planning Unit. Final environmental statement. Missoula, Montana. Variously paged.

U.S. Forest Service, Lolo National Forest 1974B. Multiple use plan Murr-Baldy Planning Unit. Final environmental statement. Missoula, Montana. Variously paged.

U.S. Forest Service, Eastern Region, R-9 1975. Guide for managing the National Forests in the Lake States. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 76 p.

U.S. Forest Service, Washington Office 1974. Guide to public involvement in decision making. U.S. For. Serv., Washington, D.C. 22 p.

U.S. General Accounting Office 1969. Glossary for systems analysis and planning, programming, budgeting. U.S. Gen. Account. Off., Washington, D.C. 72 p.

U.S. Geological Survey 1954. Glossary of names for topographic forms. In Geological Survey topographic instructions, book 6, part A, chapter 3. 21 p. Washington, D.C. U.S. Soil Conservation Service 1951. Soil survey manual. U.S. Dep. Agric., Washington, D.C. 503 p.

U.S. Soil Conservation Service 1970. National handbook for resource conservation planning. RCPH Notice 1, 7-1-70 (and Additions). U.S. Dep. Agric., Washington, D.C. Variously paged.

U.S. Soil Conservation Service 1970A. Water and related land resources, central Lahontan Basin, Truckee River subbasin Nevada California. Appendix 1, Soils. U.S. Soil Conserv. Serv., Portland, Oregon. 82 p.

U.S. Soil Conservation Service 1971. General soil map with soil interpretations for land use planning. Tahoe Basin, California-Nevada. U.S. Soil Conserv. Serv., Portland, Oregon. 12 maps.

Vaux, Henry J. Professor, Department of Forestry and Conservation, University of California, Berkeley.

Veatch, J.O. and C.R. Humphrys 1966. Water and water use terminology. Thomas Printing and Publishing Co., Kaukauna, Wisconsin. 375 p.

Veatch, V.O. 1937. Idea of the natural landtype. Soil Science Society of America, Proceedings 2:499-503.

W.A.B. See Bunter.

Wagar, J.A. 1964. The carrying capacity of wildlands for recreation. Forest Science Monograph 7. Society of American Foresters, Washington, D.C. 24 p.

Wagar, J. Alan 1974. Recreational carrying capacity reconsidered. Journal of Forestry 72(5):274-278.

Wallace, Mc Harg, Roberts and Todd 1972. Amelia Island, Florida. A report on the master planning process for a new recreational community. Sea Pines Co., Hilton Head Island, South Carolina. 56 p.

Walters, Warren Land Use Planner, U.S. Forest Service, California Region R-5, San Francisco.

Washington (State), Department of Ecology 1973. Glossary of water-related terms. Water Resources Information System Bulletin 8. Washington State Dep. Ecol., Olympia. 47 p.

Washington State University, College of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service 1972. Glossary of environmental terms. Environmental Education Series Publication F.M. 3655. Pullman, 12 p.

Watkins, Lisa Research Assistant, Recreation and Landscape Research Project, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station.

[Webster] 1963. Webster's third new international dictionary of the English language. unabridged. G. and C. Merriam Co., Springfield, Massachusetts. 2662 p.

Wells, R.E. and B.A. Roberts 1973. Biophysical survey of the Badger-Diversion Lake area, Newfoundland. Canada, Forestry Service, Newfoundland Forest Research Centre, St. John's. 55 p.

Wertz, W.A. and J.F. Arnold 1972. Land systems inventory. U.S. Forest Service, Intermountain Region, Ogden, Utah. 12 p.

Whittick, Arnold, ed. 1974. Encyclopedia of urban planning. McGraw-Hill Book Co. New York. 1204 p.

Whyte, William H. 1964. Cluster development. American Conservation Association, New York. 130 p.

Williams, Hugh E. 197 1. General systems theory, systems analysis and regional planning: an introductory bibliography. Exchange Bibliography 164. Council of Planning Librarians, Monticello, Illinois. 31 p.

Winfrey, R. and C. Zellner 1971. Summary and evaluation of economic consequences of highway improvement. National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report 122. National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Highway Research Board, Washington, D.C. 324 p.

Wisler, Chester O. and Ernest F. Brater 1959. Hydrology. 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 408 p.

Woodbury, Angus M. 1954. Principles of general ecology. The Blakiston Co., New York and Toronto. 503 p.

Worthington, Mary E. 1974. Personal space as a function of the stigma effect. Environment and Behavior 6(3):289-294.

W.W. See Walters.

Yapp, R.H. 1922. The concept of habitat. Journal of Ecology 10(1):1-17.

Yapp, W.B. 1972. Production, pollution, protection. Wykeham Publications, London. 181 p.

Zylinski, Joseph Regional Planner, U.S. Forest Service, Alaska Region (R-10), Anchorage, Alaska.